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Physical Properties: Jadeite and Nephrite

Jade has influenced all walks of life. In ancient times, people expressed abstract notions with concrete patterns of Chinese character, which were influenced by Taoism and Buddhism Aventurine is a trade name used for a green quartz that is often colored by fuchsite inclusions. These typically color the quartz a light to dark green color and produce some aventurescent sparkle. Aventurine is sometimes confused with jade. It is sometimes referred to by the misnomer of "Indian Jade."Since prehistoric times, jade has been used to make tools, weapons, and important ornamental objects in Asia, Europe, Australia, North America, South America, and numerous Pacific islands. The toughness of jade made it an excellent material for making tools and weapons.

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Jade refers to an ornamental mineral, mostly known for its green varieties. It can refer to either of two different minerals: nephrite, a silicate of calcium and magnesium, or jadeite.. For thousands of years, the people who manufacture and sell jade objects have found many ways to improve their appearance. Heat, wax, dye, bleach, acid, polymer injection and other treatments have all been used to improve the color, luster and stability of jadeite and nephrite. Although many of these treatments are part of traditional jade manufacturing processes, today’s serious buyers of jade want to know about all treatments that were used in the manufacturing process.Then, because some specimens had a beautiful color and could be polished to a brilliant luster, people started to use jade for gemstones, talismans, and ornamental objects. Although most people who think of jade imagine a beautiful green gemstone, the material occurs in a wide variety of colors that include green, white, lavender, yellow, blue, black, red, orange, and gray.Type B jadeite objects have been bleached by soaking in hydrochloric or sulfuric acid. The acid removes oxidation stains and leaches out sodium. This lightens the color of many materials. Pressure is then used to impregnate the jadeite with wax or a clear polymer resin. Impregnation fills all surface-reaching pores and fractures and gives the object an improved smoothness, luster and color.

An example of a jade misnomer is the use of the name “Mexican jade” for the green-dyed calcite or travertine that is commonly used to produce vases, chess pieces, desk sets and other ornamental objects. Use of the name by a seller in the presence of potential customers can be misunderstood or deceptive.Unknowingly, Chinese craftsmen had distinguished jadeite from nephrite and appreciated it enough to pay premium prices for jadeite. However, they didn't have the knowledge and equipment of chemistry and crystallography to distinguish them in a formal way.Pendant of Green Nephrite: A pendant made from a green nephrite known in New Zealand as "Maori Green Stone" or "Maori Jade." Photo copyright iStockphoto and Steve Patterson.Originally, all jade objects were thought to be made from the same material. However, in 1863 a Frenchman, Alexis Damour, discovered that the material known as "jade" could be divided into two different minerals: jadeite and nephrite. Alibaba.com offers 194,400 jade for products. About 0% of these are Loose Gemstone, 0% are Bracelets & Bangles, and 0% are Earrings

Only trained observers with significant experience are able to reliably differentiate them without mineral testing equipment. This is why jadeite and nephrite were not properly distinguished by scientists until 1863.Type C objects should be purchased for a price that assumes temporary use for a few years. Anyone who spends the serious money on jade should know the difference between jadeite and nephrite, have a good knowledge of jadeite treatments, how they impact value, and how they impact future durability and appearance. Confirmation of the jadeite type by a gemological laboratory is a good idea for expensive items. These services are easy to obtain and usually cost a tiny fraction of what is paid for a Type A jadeite item. Jade is a cultural term used for a very durable material that has been fashioned into tools, sculptures, jewelry, gemstones, and other objects for over 5,000 years Jadeite and nephrite are minerals that form through metamorphism. They are mostly found in metamorphic rocks associated with subduction zones. This places most jadeite and nephrite deposits along the margins of current or geologically ancient convergent plate boundaries involving oceanic lithosphere.In this article, the word "jade" will be used for undifferentiated materials. "Jadeite" or "nephrite" will be used when the identity of the material is known. The word "nephrite" is also an imprecise term. It is used for materials composed of the minerals actinolite and tremolite.

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Jade is an elegant templating engine, primarily used for server-side templating in NodeJS. In plain words, Jade gives you a powerful new way to write markup, with a number of advantages over plain.. Wyoming Jade: A nice oval cabochon cut from Wyoming jade. This cabochon was cut from a thin slab of jade only a few millimeters thick to conserve material and produce a translucent stone.Rarely, the Chinese craftsmen encountered fine-grained jadeite with a bright translucence and a rich, uniform green color. This beautiful material was given the name "Imperial Jade" and regarded as the stone of highest quality. At that time in China, ownership of Imperial Jade was reserved only for the Emperor. Now, anyone who can afford it can own Imperial Jade. The best specimens can cost more per carat than high-quality diamonds."Toughness" is the ability of a material to resist fracturing when subjected to stress. "Hardness" is the ability of a material to resist abrasion. Early toolmakers took advantage of these properties of jade and formed it into cutting tools and weapons. It was used to make axes, projectile points, knives, scrapers, and other sharp objects for cutting.

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Lavender Jadeite Boulder: An alluvial boulder of lavender jadeite with a brown weathering rind from northern Burma. This boulder is about 18 centimeters across. Photo by James St. John, used here under a Creative Commons license.Most people immediately think of China as the source of jade and jade objects. China has always been an important producer of jade, a leading jade cutting center, jade consumer, and jade market. The only time dominance in these activities moved outside of China was between World War II and the early 1980s. At that time the Chinese government suppressed jade commerce, and Hong Kong temporarily became the center of jade commerce. Jade definition is - either of two tough compact typically green gemstones that take a high polish Definition of jade (Entry 3 of 3). 1 : a broken-down, vicious, or worthless horse Jade supports two primary methods of iteration, each and while. each Jade's first-class iteration Jade's first-class iteration syntax makes it easier to iterate over arrays and objects within a templat Jadeite Jade Quality Factors. Jadeite comes in a wide range of colors. To understand the value of jade, you have to look beyond its durability and its role as a gemstone and beautiful adornment

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Jade: A beautiful and durable material of nephrite or jadeit

  1. ation with a microscope, spectroscope or gemological filters, but this testing should not be needed - the seller should disclose the full extent of treatment for every object that is sold. Disclosure doesn’t always happen because Type C jadeite sells for a small fraction of similar objects with Type B treatment.
  2. Because these two materials can be difficult to distinguish, and because the word "jade" is so entrenched in common language, the name "jade" is still widely used across many societies, industries, and academic disciplines.
  3. Jade is a high performance template engine heavily influenced by Haml and implemented with To compile a template for use on the client using the command line, do: $ jade --client --no-debug..

Jade is a clean, whitespace sensitive syntax for writing html. p. Jade is a terse and simple templating language with a. strong focus on performance and powerful features Vesuvianite, also known as idocrase, is another jade look-alike that is very difficult to distinguish from jade without laboratory testing. It has similar hardness, specific gravity, and physical appearance. It is not nearly as tough as jade and will break easier - but that requires destruction of the specimen.

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Because of its beauty, people held jade in highest esteem and used it to make religious art and ornaments for their rulers. None of these ancient cultures had contact with one another, yet they all independently used jade for many of their most sacred and important objects. Such is the appeal of jade.Chalcedony is a translucent variety of microcrystalline quartz that occurs in a range of colors similar to jade. Chrysoprase is a bright green chalcedony colored by chromium that, when cut into cabochons, beads, and small sculptures, will look very similar to jade. Chalcedony occurs in a variety of other translucent colors such as black, lavender, yellow, and orange that can look like the color varieties of jade. Chalcedony can be a very close gemstone look-alike with jade. It can be differentiated from jade using is lower specific gravity and by a variety of instrumental methods.

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Jade Dragon: Hand-made jade dragon from the Western Han Dynasty (202 BC - 9 AD). This photo was taken by Snowyowls and is distributed under a Creative Commons license.Type C jadeite usually has all of the treatments of Type B jadeite, but the object has also been dyed to a more desirable color. The dyes can fade over time or with exposure to heat and light. For these reasons, Type C treatments should always be disclosed.

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From ancient times, much of the prospecting for jade has been done in the steeper parts of drainage basins, where pebble- to boulder-size pieces of rocks are found in stream valleys. Boulders and pebbles of jade normally have a brown weathering rind that hides their inner beauty and potential value.People have used jade for at least 100,000 years. The earliest objects made from jade were tools. Jade is a very hard material and is used as a tool because it is extremely tough and breaks to form sharp edges. Jade for Mac, free and safe download. Jade latest version: Enhance your photos. With Jade you can quickly enhance your pictures without actually having to work with a full fledged image editing program

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  1. es. Khansee is also the only
  2. ed in Myanmar. It has a very similar appearance to jade. Maw sit sit is composed of jadeite, albite, and kosmochlor (a
  3. The Chinese have a much higher regard for jade than any other people. For thousands of years, jade has been the most popular gemstone in China. Chinese emperors desired excellent specimens of jade, and they traded or waged war with distant people to acquire them.
  4. Commonly Confused With Jade: Pictured here are four gems commonly confused with jade. From top left and going clockwise they are chrysoprase, maw sit sit, serpentine, and hydrogrossular garnet. They have a color, luster, and translucence that is known to occur in jade.
  5. ed from hard rock deposits. Boulders are sometimes
  6. Jadeite is typically found in rocks that have a higher pressure origin than nephrite. This normally causes a geographic separation of jadeite and nephrite deposits.
  7. erals and rocks can be confused with jade. Many people like them, enjoy them, and knowingly purchase them for that reason. It is important to know that these jade look-alikes, along with plastic and glass made into objects in the same style as jade, are abundant in the market place. Know what you are buying or purchase from a dealer you can trust if you are shopping for these items and desire jade instead of an alternative. Errors and deception are common.

As metal-working technologies became available, the beauty of jade made it valuable for ornaments and decorative objects. Hydrogrossular Garnet is a green massive variety of garnet that is usually green in color with black markings. It looks so much like jade that in South Africa, where it is common, it is known as "Transvaal Jade." It is frequently cut into beads, cabochons, and small sculptures.Commercial jadeite objects are placed into three “types” according to the treatments that have been used during the manufacturing process. They are designated as Type A, Type B and Type C jadeite.

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Green Jadeite Boulder: An alluvial boulder of green jadeite with a brown weathering rind from northern Burma. This boulder is about 6 centimeters across. Photo by James St. John, used here under a Creative Commons license.Chinese craftsmen have been producing jade objects for over 5,000 years. A few hundred years ago, master Chinese craftsmen who worked with jade daily recognized that some of the jade obtained from Burma (now the Union of Myanmar) was different. It was harder, denser, worked more easily, and produced a higher luster upon polishing. It gradually became the form of jade preferred by Chinese artisans and the jade most highly prized by the Chinese people. They realized this long before scientists differentiated jadeite and nephrite in 1863.

Chinese Jade: Types, Appreciation, Maintenanc

Jade boulders can be very difficult to transport without damage. Human and animal labor was the only way to transport them historically. Today in some areas that is still the only way to move the boulders to market. Where economics allow, a helicopter with a basket or sling on a cable will fly in to difficult areas. Workers on the ground will prepare the boulders for lifting, and the helicopter will fly them out. Although helicopters are very expensive to use for this type of work, one nice boulder can be worth many thousands of dollars or more in rough form. HTML2jade help you convert a HTML snippet to a Jade/Pug snippet. Useful for testing out how something would look in Jade vs HTML. Looking for a new job In July 2018, the Federal Trade Commission of the United States published a new edition of their Guides for the Jewelry, Precious Metals, and Pewter Industries. In those guides they state that the use of an incorrect varietal name can be "misleading", "unfair", and "deceptive". Today sellers who continue using these incorrect names could face legal action. For more information, see our article about "green amethyst" and "yellow emerald". A few of the many jade misnomers are listed below.Jadeite and nephrite have distinctly different mineral compositions. Jadeite is an aluminum-rich pyroxene, while nephrite is a magnesium-rich amphibole. However, the two minerals have very similar physical properties in the eye of the average person. JADE (Java Agent DEvelopment Framework) is a software Framework fully implemented in the Java language. It simplifies the implementation of multi-agent systems through a middle-ware that complies..

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  1. "Jade" is a cultural term used for a very durable material that has been fashioned into tools, sculptures, jewelry, gemstones, and other objects for over 5,000 years. It was first used to manufacture ax heads, weapons, and tools for scraping and hammering because of its toughness.
  2. Jade jewelry and jade artwork are extremely important in China. Jade is more important in China than the importance of diamonds in the United States. Per-carat prices for the best imperial jade in China rival the per-carat price paid for diamonds in the United States.
  3. Translucent Green Jade: A translucent green jade cabochon with beautiful color, set into a gold ring and surrounded by small diamonds. Photo copyright iStockphoto / Biggereye.
  4. Jades (regardless of what level) are very dangerous. They help to improve your stats massively. To get a jade, you can buy them at the mall or get jade boxes. You can inlay jades by going to Ibiki. Once a jade reach Lv.12 it can be evolved into a King's Jade for 1,000-2,000 Gold/Coupons
  5. Go to Settings > Install & then search for Jade under Packages. These snippets are general purpose written for the sole purpose of saving the time over writing boilerplate code again and again
  6. רוצים לבנות אתר? ללמוד CSS? להבין איך עובד PHP או אולי HTML? רוצים ללמוד איך לקדם את האתר שלכם בגוגל? הצטרפו לקהילה שחיה ונושמת את שפת הרשת. כל מחשב, לא משנה אם מדובר במחשב פרטי או מחשב עסקי, חייב..
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Most jade does not have a color and translucence that is expected in a gemstone. However, when early people found these special pieces of jade, they were often inspired to craft them into a special object.Prospectors search these valleys looking for jade boulders. Small windows are often cut into the boulders in the field to assess the material's quality and to determine if it is worth the labor of transport.Green Jadeite Buttons: Hand-made, antique Chinese jadeite buttons showing the typical color of quality green jadeite. The jadeite in these buttons was most likely mined in Burma (the Union of Myanmar today). This photo was taken by Gregory Phillips and is distributed under a GNU Free Documentation License.New Zealand Greenstone: These boulders, harvested from glacial outwash on the South Island of New Zealand, were originally called "Pounamu" by the local Maori people, then "greenstone" (a literal translation) by European explorers. They are actually nephrite jade. They were used by the Maori for making tools and weapons. Pieces with an attractive color or pattern were used to make ornaments and fashioned into pendants. Public domain image by Sarang.

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  1. Pop Culture References for the name Jade
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  1. Amazon.com: jade Eligible for Free Shippin
  2. Urban Dictionary: Jade
  3. Learn about the factors that make jade so desirable
  4. Are All Jades the Same?
  5. Jadeite, Nephrite, and Science
  6. Jadeite, Nephrite, and Artisans
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